Planning a Hazardous Material Storage Facility Correctly

Which rules have to be included? Which substances should be stored? Do certain storage temperatures in the media have to be adhered to? What are the operational conditions? Experience has shown that many things can go wrong during planning, which may cause additional costs as well as safety risks. Here are some of the most important questions that should be asked when planning a room system.

6 common errors people make when planning a hazardous material storage facility

In the process of planning a room system, mistakes can easily be made which can lead to additional costs as well as safety risks. Our new Whitepaper talks about the 6 most common mistakes made when planning a room system so you can avoid making them in the future. 

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FAQ for planning a room system

1  Which media is being stored?

Depending on the properties and the amount of the hazardous materials being stored, building regulations for storage apply. In the case of acids or alkalis, special PE liners, for example, must be provided in the spill pallet. For flammable media, legal fire protection regulations must also be observed. If there is an explosive atmosphere, the ATEX Directive 2014/34 / EU must be observed. If different media are being stored, the assembly instructions must be observed.

The hazardous substance symbols indicate which media may be stored

2  How hazardous is the media being stored?

The safety data sheet or the packaging label will indicate how hazardous the media is and should be used to determine safe options for the aggregation of various hazardous substances in order to avoid an increase in risk. Depending on how hazardous the media is and the storage quantities of substances hazardous to water or the size of the system,  spill pallets with the corresponding catchment volume and extinguishing water retention devices are required as water protection measures. A first overview of the media to be stored and how they can be stored together can be found in our practical aids:

3  What are the specifications in the safety data sheet?

In the safety data sheet you can usually find information for safe storage conditions. These include special requirements for storage rooms or containers (including retaining walls and ventilation), incompatible materials, storage conditions (temperature / air / moisture / light, etc.), special requirements for electrical systems and equipment, and measures against electrostatic charging.

Additional services

In addition to the planning factors mentioned, we will discuss with you other things such as:

  • Equipment options
  • Services
  • Assistance in dealing with authorities

Common quality checks (Factory Acceptance Test, FAT / Site Acceptance Test, SAT) or plant inspections are of course possible.  

4  Which container size should be stored in which quantity?

Depending on the size of the container, the storage type must be determined. Depending on the storage quantity, small containers are particularly suitable for accessible hazardous goods warehouses or hazardous goods cabinets. For walk-in systems, the customer can select the number of shelf units or shelf metres. For different types of storage (on pallets, directly on grids, horizontal drum storage, etc.), DENIOS offers specially tailored hazardous goods storage solutions.

[Translate to en_GB:] Ein Raumsystem mit zu lagernden Medien drin

5  How is the warehouse stocked with the containers / pallets?

The type of stocking (manual / wheelbarrow / pallet truck / forklift) determines, for example, whether a fork-lift is required or if a ramp needs to be installed.

6  Will the material be unloaded or transferred in the warehouse?

When draining or transferring hazardous substances, increased safety devices must be planned, especially if the storage medium is a flammable substance. Technical protective measures include for example, the provision of technical ventilation to ensure compliance with the prescribed air exchange rate, exhaust air monitoring, fire and explosion protection measures, and the installation of equipotential grounding. For the safe handling appropriate equipment options are available, such as drum pumps, funnels and taps.  

[Translate to en_GB:] Eine Person füllt eine Flüssigkeit an einem Raumsystem ab

[Translate to en_GB:] Der RFP hält Medien auf bestimmten Temperaturen

7  Do certain temperatures have to be observed?

In the case of temperature-sensitive substances, technical equipment (heating / air-conditioning) must be provided to comply with the temperature limits. Depending on the application, our technical room systems have thermal insulation of ISO A or ISO B material.

Hazardous goods warehouses with thermal insulation are primarily used for the frost-free storage of temperature-sensitive substances. On request, the systems can be equipped with a higher heat output, cooling units or air conditioning systems. The proven design principle of the technical room systems is also continued with the insulated construction. The stable and welded steel frame construction is covered on all sides with special panels. Different insulation materials are used for the storage of water-polluting or flammable hazardous substances (mineral wool or PUR panels).

8  Would you like to store hazardous substances in a water conservation area?

When storing hazardous substances in a water protection area, special technical and organisational measures are required. Based on your information, we will provide you with an offer of services that includes the appropriate safety equipment and includes services for the legally compliant operation of the hazardous goods warehouse.

9  Is it possible to set up with a crane / forklift on site?

Many of our customers use the convenient unloading service. Our trained DENIOS employees ensure safe and damage-free unloading. Upon request, suitable lifting equipment can be provided. We provide timely information about preparatory work to be performed by the customer, such as the preparation of the foundation, so that commissioning can be completed on schedule.

The DENIOS all-inclusive final price includes all utilities, such as the cost of travel, accommodation costs, etc. There are no additional costs for you!

[Translate to en_GB:] Transportentladung eines Raumsystems mittels Stapler

Need more information or advice? Call 01952 700 567 to speak to a DENIOS expert.