Inadequate lighting significantly increases the risk of accidents. In a too dark work environment, potential sources of danger are perceived more badly and the typical SRS accidents (tripping, slipping and falling accidents) are quickly the unpleasant result.
In case of poor visibility, concentration and performance can be reduced. Physical discomfort, such as burning eyes or headaches, not only affects well-being, but also has a negative impact on the frequency of errors in the work process.
Caution: Lighting that is too bright can also lead to problems when employees are blinded by unsuitable or misaligned luminaires.
Our infographics gives you a quick overview of the negative effects of wrong lighting in the workplace:
The employer is expected to set up workplaces and workplaces in such a way that there are no health hazards for the employees. This also includes an adequate lighting for the individual visual tasks.
Within the scope of a hazard assessment, it is necessary to determine and regularly check whether the workstations are suitably illuminated during operation. This can be determined with a corresponding measuring device (luxmeter).
Daylight increases the well-being, so it is a not negligible aspect in the lighting of workplaces. Workplaces, for example in office areas, should be set up as remote as possible.
In practice, however, daylight is not always available in sufficient time and place. An additional artificial lighting is therefore usually required. In our Online shop you will find wall and ceiling lights, tube lights, emergency lights, hand lamps, headlights, flashlights, machine lighting, working lights, magnifying lamps and emergency lighting.
Many products are also available in ex-protected design.
"The same light for all" is not an adequate solution in workplaces. Because it depends on the individual visual task, how much light is needed in the workplace. A general lighting system ensures a uniform illumination of the entire work area, but does not take into account the lighting requirements of individual room sections or workstations. Appendix 1 of the ASR A3.4 specifies the minimum values to be observed for the illuminances and color reproduction indices for the different areas.
Recommended lighting levels:
|Workspaces, jobs and activities||Lux Illuminance lx||Farbwiedergabeindex Ra|
|Traffic areas and corridors without vehicle traffic||50||40|
|Traffic areas and corridors without vehicle traffic in the area of paragraphs and steps||100||40|
|Traffic areas and corridors with vehicle traffic||150||40|
|Shipping and packaging areas||300||60|
|Storage rooms for identical or large-scale storage goods||50||60|
|Storage rooms with search for non-identical storage||100||60|
|Storage rooms with reading tasks||200||60|
|Color test, control||1000||90|
|Laboratories, measuring stations||500||80|
|Trimming, finishing, control work in the chemical, plastics and rubber industries||750||80|
|Manufacture of tools and tools in metalworking and processing||750||60|
|Surface treatment and varnishing in metalworking and processing||750||80|
|Tool-. Gauging and device construction, precision and micromechanics in metalworking and processing||1000||80|
|Painting: Repair, inspection in the automotive industry||1000||90|
|Cable and wire production in the electrical industry||300||80|
|Impregnation of coils, electroplating in the electrical industry||300||80|
|Rough assembly work in the electrical industry, e.g. Large transformers||300||80|
|Medium-size assembly work in the electrical industry, e.g. Switchboard||500||80|
|Fine assembly work in the electrical industry, e.g. phones||750||80|
|Very fine assembly work in the electrical industry, e.g. measuring instruments||1000||80|
|Electronic workshops, testing, adjustment||1500||80|
|Quality control in woodworking and processing||1000||90|
An keiner Stelle im Bereich des Arbeitsplatzes darf das 0,6-fache der mittleren Beleuchtungsstärke unterschritten werden. Der niedrigste Wert darf nicht im Bereich der Hauptsehaufgabe liegen.
Sind Mindestwerte der Beleuchtungsstärke von über 500 Lux vorgeschrieben, müssen diese nicht zwingend am gesamten Arbeitsplatz, sondern nur auf den für die Sehaufgabe relevanten Teilflächen erreicht werden. Eine teilflächenbezogene Beleuchtung kann so zum Beispiel eingesetzt werden, wenn eine besondere Sehaufgabe vorliegt (Arbeiten mit kleinen Teilen, kurze Betrachtungszeiträume) oder auch, wenn eine Anpassung an das individuelle Sehvermögen der Beschäftigten notwendig ist. Hier empfiehlt sich zum Beispiel der Einsatz zusätzlicher Maschinenbeleuchtung oder Arbeitsplatzbeleuchtung.
Die folgende Infografik verdeutlicht beispielhaft die unterschiedlichen Beleuchtungsanforderungen in einer Werkshalle:
It is advisable to plan and maintain lighting systems by a qualified person. After the installation of the lighting system and the necessary firing time, compliance with the legal requirements should be checked by means of control measurements.
Periodic testing and maintenance is also necessary to correct any changes in the lighting parameters, as well as to correct any contamination or damage.