In recent years, various systems for the labeling of chemicals have developed in different countries. In the past, the same substance could be widely differentiated, e.g. In the case of caffeine: Pure caffeine was considered toxic in Japan, harmful in Australia and classified as safe in China.
However, there are different systems not only for storage, but also for transport and occupational safety. It is thus understandable that international trade has made the call for uniform labeling ever louder. The United Nations responded to this problem at the Rio de Janeiro conference in 1992 and presented the "Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Laboratory" (GHS) in 2005.
This Regulation will change the different labeling and classification of hazardous substances from country to country. In Europe the GHS was implemented by the so-called CLP regulation. This globally uniform labeling and classification of hazardous substances will become binding for all countries with the 01.06.2015. At DENIOS, you will find the appropriate labels and labels which help you to correctly label according to GHS and thus comply with legal requirements.
A uniform (UN-wide) labeling of chemical products should be ensured. For this purpose, CLP (Classification, Laboratory and Packaging) Regulation 1272/2008 requires a GHS (Globally Harmonized System) marking.
For this purpose, uniform, internationally valid GHS hazard symbols are introduced, which must be used by all chemical manufacturers and marketers.
The hazard pictograms symbolize the types of hazards. Hazard pictograms are the most obvious hazard symbols in hazardous communication according to the GHS / CLP regulation. Nine different pictograms are used individually or in combination to identify the danger.
The new GHS regulation applies as of 01.06.2015.
Previously, the following rules were applied: The classification and labeling of substances according to the EC Directive 67/548 / EEC ended as of 01.12.2010.
Until 01.06.2015, it is permissible to label mixtures according to the EC Directive 1999/45 / EC. For 2 years, you can mark your goods according to the regulations valid until now, as long as they are already produced.
The GHS symbols are red / white / black and replace the old black / orange EU hazard symbols.
There are now 9 different GHS hazard symbols (GHS01-GHS09) for hazardous substances and substance mixtures. These are each provided with a specific pictogram, which indicates the danger emanating from the substance.
Hazard statements are standardized text modules and describe the dangers arising from a substance or mixture. A hazard warning is coded in the form of so-called H-sentences.
Note: With the changeover, the new H-phrases replace the existing hazard classification by R-phrases. IMPORTANT: H-phrases should always be used in conjunction with the hazard pictogram (s).
Only by the H-phrases you get the complete information on the handling of the specific hazardous substance.
No! A double labeling is not allowed at any time. This is different until 1 June 2015 when specifying the safety data sheet. After this date, only the new hazard symbols are to be used.
The following information must be shown on the identification label:
The GHS / CLP Regulation requires the classification and labeling of hazardous substances only if they are substances placed on the market and consequently are made available to a third party.
The following applies to hazardous substances which are not classified and marked by the manufacturer / supplier: Your company must ensure that such a hazard level itself is classified, but at least the hazards arising from the substances / mixtures are determined.