Background to the new GHS regulation

In recent years, various systems for the labeling of chemicals have developed in different countries. In the past, the same substance could be widely differentiated, e.g. In the case of caffeine: Pure caffeine was considered toxic in Japan, harmful in Australia and classified as safe in China.

However, there are different systems not only for storage, but also for transport and occupational safety. It is thus understandable that international trade has made the call for uniform labeling ever louder. The United Nations responded to this problem at the Rio de Janeiro conference in 1992 and presented the "Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Laboratory" (GHS) in 2005.

This Regulation will change the different labeling and classification of hazardous substances from country to country. In Europe the GHS was implemented by the so-called CLP regulation. This globally uniform labeling and classification of hazardous substances will become binding for all countries with the 01.06.2015. At DENIOS, you will find the appropriate labels and labels which help you to correctly label according to GHS and thus comply with legal requirements.

When will the new "GHS Regulation" apply?

The new GHS regulation applies as of 01.06.2015.

Previously, the following rules were applied: The classification and labeling of substances according to the EC Directive 67/548 / EEC ended as of 01.12.2010.

Until 01.06.2015, it is permissible to label mixtures according to the EC Directive 1999/45 / EC. For 2 years, you can mark your goods according to the regulations valid until now, as long as they are already produced.

GHS chronical development

What characterizes the new GHS symbols?

The GHS symbols are red / white / black and replace the old black / orange EU hazard symbols.

There are now 9 different GHS hazard symbols (GHS01-GHS09) for hazardous substances and substance mixtures. These are each provided with a specific pictogram, which indicates the danger emanating from the substance.

GHS Symbols

What is the significance of hazards?

Hazard statements are standardized text modules and describe the dangers arising from a substance or mixture. A hazard warning is coded in the form of so-called H-sentences.

Note: With the changeover, the new H-phrases replace the existing hazard classification by R-phrases. IMPORTANT: H-phrases should always be used in conjunction with the hazard pictogram (s).

Only by the H-phrases you get the complete information on the handling of the specific hazardous substance.

Can I label a product with "old" and "new" tags?

No! A double labeling is not allowed at any time. This is different until 1 June 2015 when specifying the safety data sheet. After this date, only the new hazard symbols are to be used.

GHS Labeling

How should a labeling label look like in the new directive?

The following information must be shown on the identification label:

  • Name, address and telephone number of the supplier
  • Nominal quantity in the packaging (unless indicated elsewhere on the container)
  • Substance name and index no. Or CAS no.
  • Hazard pictogram
  • Signal words

When is the requirement to classify and label hazardous substances due?

The GHS / CLP Regulation requires the classification and labeling of hazardous substances only if they are substances placed on the market and consequently are made available to a third party.

The following applies to hazardous substances which are not classified and marked by the manufacturer / supplier: Your company must ensure that such a hazard level itself is classified, but at least the hazards arising from the substances / mixtures are determined.

Changes and errors excepted. All information provided has been carefully researched. Nevertheless, DENIOS can not guarantee the topicality, correctness, completeness or quality of the information provided.

Need more information or advice? Call 01952 811 991 to speak to a DENIOS expert.